The outcome of a trial is determined by questions of fact and propositions of law. "Did
defendant deliberately and with premeditation stab victim in the chest with a knife in an
effort to kill him?" is an example of a fact question. "Stabbing a person to death intentionally
and with premeditation constitutes the crime of first degree murder." is an example of a
proposition of law.

In most litigation, questions of fact exert greater influence than propositions of law on the
litigation's outcome. The government has the burden of proof.  They must prove beyond a
reasonable doubt all the elements of the crime (propositions of law).

Hawaii Private Investigators must discover facts and evidence that will refute the elements
of the crime charged against the defendant causing the trier of facts to doubt the evidence
as they apply to the fact questions in a lawsuit.

Hawaii Private Detectives should also consider whether there may be affirmative defenses
available.  There are many recognized defenses to criminal liability, although the defenses
available to a particular defendant depend upon the crime charged. In an affirmative
defense, the defendant admits that what he did was wrong but argues that, under the
circumstances, he was not responsible for what he did.

Criminal Defenses:    

  • Infancy;
  • Insanity;
  • Diminished Capacity;
  • Intoxication:  Depends upon whether the accused was voluntarily or involuntarily
    intoxicated.  While involuntary intoxication may be a complete defense, voluntary
    intoxication is never a defense, although it may sometimes be used to prove lack of
    mens rea;
  • Ignorance or Mistake of Fact:  Ignorance or mistake as to matter of fact will prevent
    liability if it shows that the defendant lacked a mental state essential to the crime
    charged.  Simple ignorance (i.e., defendant never thought about the matter) or
    affirmative mistake (i.e., defendant thought about the matter but reached a wrong
    conclusion) that negatives an essential mental state is a valid defense;
  • Ignorance or Mistake of Law:  Generally, ignorance or mistake of law is no excuse: i.
    e., it is no defense to the commission of a crime that the defendant was unaware
    that the acts were prohibited by the criminal law or that defendant mistakenly
    believed that the acts were not prohibited.  The exceptions are:   
  • Reliance upon statute later held unconstitutional;
  • Reliance upon judicial decision;  
  • Reliance upon official interpretation.  
  • Sometimes, the mens rea aspect of a particular crime requires a certain belief
    concerning a legal matter.  In such cases, if the defendant was ignorant or mistaken
    as to the legal matter, the prosecution may be unable to establish the mens rea
    required for liability and no conviction can be obtained;
  • Necessity or Justification:  Defense is available where the accused acted in the
    reasonable belief that perpetration of the offense would prevent the occurrence of a
    greater harm or evil;
  • Duress:  It is a defense to all but the most serious crimes that the defendant
    committed the criminal act under "duress" or "coercion;"
  • Entrapment:  It is a defense to most crimes that the defendant was "entrapped" into
    committing the act by a law enforcement officer or one acting as agent of a law
    enforcement officer;
  •  Consent;
  •  Self-Defense;
  •  Defense of Others;
  •  Protection of Property;
  •  Crime Prevention;
  •  Public Authority;

Investigators must also assist the defense by testing the perception, memory, veracity, and
articulateness of witnesses against the defendant.  

As investigators our job is to determine facts and find the truth. Our clients, usually
attorneys, depend on us to gather facts, evidence, and learn the truth of an issue. Our
record must be unblemished in order to establish credibility. As we are instructed in the
private investigative industry..."if we cannot attack the evidence, then we attack the credibility
of the witness." The facts, evidence and truth, as we determine may be against those that
we represent. Our job is to uncover those facts and turn it over to our client, the attorney, and
let him decide on how he/she wants to proceed.
The Investigators, LLC
Criminal Investigation

    We do more, here at The Investigators, LLC  than just take pictures.  Knowledge of the criminal law, it's requisite
    elements (Mens Rea, Actus Reus, Attendant Circumstances, and Causation) and their defenses are the foundation for
    an investigator's perspicacity necessary for evidence discovery and acquisition.  We have the experience and training
    to do more than just take pictures.  Our requisite professional credentials have earned us the compulsory credibility
    necessary to educe cooperation from individuals with relevant and reliable information.

    The Hawaii Private Investigators are trained and experienced with preparing cases for defense and prosecution.  
    Preparations include recognizing, developing, and presenting evidence that reconstructs events, sequences and time
    elements for presentation to the trier of facts.

    The Hawaii Private Detectives are trained and experienced with the sequences of Criminal and Civil trial, testifying
    under direct and cross-examination and familiar with the strategies for excelling as a witness.

    Our reports are comprehensive, thorough, and may include addenda of supporting documentation, videos,
    photographs and/or drawings.
Call Us Today!

Above all, we are committed to the axiomatic norms of professionalism. We believe in professionalism, integrity and ethical conduct in our
investigations and relations with those we serve.

We are available 24/7 and can meet you at a place and time of your choice and convenience.  

We provide Free confidential consultations and can help you with an appropriate and legal plan of action and can tailor investigations to meet
your objectives.

Call or SMS Text 808-218-1025

email me at:

Hawaii state License number:PD-312